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Saturday, 13 September 2014

K M Shafiullah

K M Shafiullah

Major General Kazi Mohammad Shafiullah (Bir Uttam) was the 1st Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army. During the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, he was the Second in Command of Second East Bengal Regiment that revolted with six officers on the night of March 25, 1971. He became one of three brigade commanders, leading what was called the "S-force" (after his surname) during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
He served as Chief of Army Staff from 1972 to 1975. Following the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and the takeover by a military government, he retired from politics. He accepted an ambassadorial appointment overseas.

Bangladesh forces

Shafiullah was the Sector Commander of Bangladesh Forces Sector 3. His sector was mainly the opposite of Sylhet. The sector's areas were Dhaka, Mymensingh, Sylhet and parts of Comilla (present Brahmanbaria district).
Later three brigades were formed, each identified by the initial of the commander's surname. His formation was fully structured and formalised by the end of September. As of September ’71, Commander of Sector 3 was assigned to Major A.N.M Nuruzzaman. Major Shafiullah was among those attending the Pakistan surrender on 16 December 1971 at Race Course in Dhaka.

Chief of Army Staff

After the end of the war in December 1971, the Bangladesh government awarded him the Bir Uttam for his bravery and dedication, the second-highest military award in the country. He was appointed as the Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army by the Awami League government under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. He remained the Bangladesh army chief throughout Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League and BAKSAL government's term until the military coup of August 15, 1975 and assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Dismissed from the position by the following Mushtaq government, he retired from politics. General Shafiullah quickly accepted an ambassadorial post overseas, along with fellow Bangladesh Air Force Chief of Air Staff Air Vice Marshal A.K. Khandker.

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